Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a group of disorders that affect movement and muscle tone or body posture. This condition is caused by damage to the immature and developing brain, and most often occurs before birth.

Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool. In general, cerebral palsy causes movement disorders associated with excessive reflexes, flexibility or flexibility of limbs and body, unusual posture, involuntary movements, unsteady gait, or a combination of all of them.

People with cerebral palsy can have problems swallowing and generally have eye muscle imbalances, where the eyes do not focus on the same object. They have also reduced the range of motion in various joints of their body due to muscle stiffness.

The causes of cerebral palsy and its effect on function are very varied. Some people with cerebral palsy can walk normally while others need help. Some people have intellectual disabilities, but others do not. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness can also occur. Cerebral palsy is a lifelong disorder. There is no cure, but treatment can help improve body function.


The symptoms of cerebral palsy are usually not obvious after the baby is born. The symptoms will only appear when the baby is two to three years old.

Simptom-simptom tersebut termasuk:

  • Slow growth – for example, an 8-month-old child still can’t sit or can’t walk even after reaching 18 months of age.
  • Child looks too hard or limp.
  • Weak arm and leg muscles.
  • The child’s movements are often restless, jerky and clumsy.
  • Random and uncontrolled movements.
  • Walking jerkily.
  • Other problems such as problems swallowing, problems speaking, problems seeing and learning problems.


Cerebral palsy can occur if the baby’s brain does not develop normally while in the womb, or the baby’s brain is injured during or after birth.

Causes of cerebral palsy include:

  • Bleeding in the baby’s brain or lack of blood or oxygen to the brain
  • Bacterial infection that occurs to the mother while the baby is in the womb
  • Babies drown at birth
  • Meningitis (infection of the brain)
  • Severe brain injury